Zora Neale Hurston’s “Sweat”: An Ecofeminist Master’s Class in Symbolism and Dialect

  Though Zora Neale Hurston’s “Sweat” is only 4743 words long (about 15 pages), the scope of the work reaches farther than most novels.  Within this small space, Hurston addresses a number of themes, such as the trials of femininity, which she explores with compelling and efficient symbolism.  This is woven together with an ecocritical/ecofeminist […]

Aristophanes The Birds: The Grecian Environmentalist

  The Birds, also called simply Birds to avoid confusion with the with the Alfred Hitchcock film, is one of few plays written by Aristophanes that does not mention the Peloponnesian Wars, but this does not mean that it is not largely political.  The play speaks to internal government issues, raisings concerns about bureaucracy, whilst also speaking […]

Cormac McCarthy’s Outer Dark: Language, Gender, an Thomas Hobbes

  Published in 1968, Outer Dark was Cormac McCarthy’s second novel, and is consistent in spirit with the dark, nihilist undertones of most of McCarthy’s work.  The narrative tells the story of a young woman named Rinthy who has had a child by her brother Culla.  Whilst Rinthy is laid up in bed after giving […]

Cormac McCarthy’s Child of God: Thoreau’s Nightmare; America’s Reality

Though Suttree, The Crossing and Blood Meridian may be the novels that best exemplify the skill of Cormac McCarthy’s skill, but Child of God is a smaller sample that is just as engaging in parts.  In it McCarthy tells the tale of a Lester Ballard, a young man who is raised without parents and finds himself isolated from […]

Marlene NourbeSe Philip’s She Tries Her Tongue: Illuminating Shadows

I am not a huge reader of contemporary poetry because I find that in many instances, the various form or formlessness that poets embrace, coupled with their language is personal by nature.  It is perhaps cathartic for them, but there is not always an entry point into such work for a reader that doesn’t have […]

Eugène Ionesco’s Rhinoceros: Are Rhino’s Absurdist Nazis?

  Eugène Ionesco’s Rhinoceros has been deemed by many to be an example of Theatre of the Absurd.  It functions as Absurdist on many levels, but the work is not ‘absurd’ as we might normally think of the word.  The play employs many aspects of the Absurd, from surrealism, to pataphysics, to Dadaism, while weaving […]

Man of Steel: A Commendable Failure

Man of Steel is an admirably ambitious film for a number of reasons.  It not only attempts to make exciting a franchise that has been considered boring and obsolete, and one that has failed to be resuscitated as recently as 2006 with the underwhelming Superman Returns, but it also seeks to forgo popular elements of […]