Lady Chatterley’s Lancelot: Transcending Feminine Signification Through Arthurian Customs

During the 19th century, works such as Anna Karenina, The Awakening and Madame Bovary featured female protagonists who rejected socially prescribed morality and asserted their autonomy through infidelity.  In each narrative the protagonists meet with death while trying to transcend their signifying roles within patriarchal society.  After the close of the Edwardian era, though, D.H. […]

Chauvinist Pig: Situating John Milton in a Feminist Discourse Through Comparative Study

Introductory note: The following post is a little long (15 single-spaced pages), so be sure have a little time before you start reading.  And if you are interested in the works of John Milton, I have another piece on ‘Areopagitica’ and how it’s arguments  are applied to works of dystopian fiction which can be found […]

Their Eyes Were Watching God: An Ecowomanist Ruling On Kyriarchy

In her novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, Zora Neal Hurston’s protagonist, Janie Crawford, struggles with several different systems of oppression, but ultimately achieves an autonomy that most from her station in life could hope for.  It is how Crawford achieves this autonomy that is the crux of the novel.  Mary Jane Lupton suggests Hurston’s […]

Victory Gin and Miltonic: ‘Areopagitica’ and 20th Century Dystopian Literature

    ‘With the first link, the chain is forged. The first speech censured…the first thought forbidden…the first freedom denied–chains us all irrevocably.’ Those words were uttered by Judge Aaron Satie, as wisdom… and warning. The first time any man’s freedom is trodden on, we’re all damaged.                               -Captain Picard     In the centuries […]

Romeo – Juliet: The Erosion of Juliet in Baz Luhrmann’s Romeo + Juliet

In her introduction for William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, Rene Weis suggests that the focus of the play, despite its “double title”, rests “squarely on Juliet” (Weis, 7), an assertion Weis supports with a compelling argument.  Even if Weis’s assessment is correct though, the authorial intent of the play does not always translate into various […]

Subverting Patriarchy In Othello (If You Want To Be Happy For The Rest Of Your Life, Never Make A Pretty Woman Your Wife)

  In her essay, ‘Othello: Female Subjectivity and the Ovidian Discursive Tradition’, Evelyn Gajowski suggests that male“concern with possession is inflected in both the Petrarchan and the Ovidian discursive traditions that Shakespeare inherits, as well as in the institution of patriarchal marriage that characterizes his culture” (Gajowski, 84).  These influences serve as the core motivations […]

Cho Sung-Won and Feminine Sexual Autonomy In Shakespeare’s Measure For Measure

In her essay, “Renaissance Nun vs. Korean Gisaeng: Chastity and Female Celibacy in Measure for Measure and ‘Chun-Hyang Jeon’,” Cho Sung-Won argues that “women in patriarchal society, single, married, or widowed, can hardly enjoy full sexual autonomy” (Cho, 566) and that they are rather “driven to embrace the visions” (564) of sexuality dictated by the […]

A Perfect Unity: Retrospectively Enlisting William Blake Into The Ecocritical Canon

  In his book, Fearful Symmetry, Northrop Frye suggests that it “is always dangerous to assume that any poet writes with one eye on his own time and the other confidently winking at our own” (Frye, 12).  William Blake may or may not have been an environmentally conscious person (though the contemporary implications of that […]

The Divine Chaos Of Robert Frost: An Ecocritical Reading Of An American Nature Poet

The Divine Chaos Of Robert Frost: An Ecocritical Reading Of An American Nature Poet   Introduction   In the past forty years there has been an influx of interest concerning environmental issues and in turn ecocritical theory has gained popularity in literary circles.  Since the language of ecocriticism has been developed almost exclusively over the […]